Archetype refers to a universal symbol or pattern that recurs in myths, stories, and other forms of literature across different cultures and time periods. Archetypes can be characters, motifs, themes, or symbols that represent a particular idea, trait, or experience that is shared by humans. They are often used to create a sense of familiarity or resonance with the audience, and can convey complex meanings and emotions in a simple and direct way.
Examples of archetype:
The Hero – This archetype represents a character who goes on a journey or quest to achieve a goal, and often faces obstacles and challenges along the way. Examples include Harry Potter, Luke Skywalker, and Frodo Baggins.
The Mentor – This archetype represents a wise and experienced character who provides guidance and advice to the hero. Examples include Gandalf, Yoda, and Dumbledore.
The Villain – This archetype represents a character who opposes the hero and embodies evil or negative qualities. Examples include Voldemort, Darth Vader, and Sauron.
The Trickster – This archetype represents a character who uses cunning and deception to achieve their goals. Examples include Loki, Hermes, and Puck.
The Mother Figure – This archetype represents a nurturing and protective character who provides emotional support and guidance to the hero. Examples include Mrs. Weasley, Aunt May, and Molly Grue from “The Last Unicorn.”
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Carl Jung defines archetypes as universal patterns and symbols in human nature and in the universal psyche of humanity. They are images that represent twelve different types of characters – the innocent, the hero, the orphan, the caregiver, the explorer, the rebel, the lover, the creator, the jester, the sage, the ruler, and the magician. Joseph Campbell took Jung’s ideas and applied them to world mythologies, creating a much more powerful way to tell a story.