A paradox involves a statement or situation that contradicts itself or seems to go against common sense. It is often used to create an element of surprise or confusion in a work of literature, and to challenge the reader’s assumptions about the world. A paradox can also be used to highlight an underlying truth or irony in a situation, and to convey a deeper meaning or message. This device is commonly used in poetry, prose, and drama, and can add complexity and depth to the writing.
Examples of paradox:
“I am nobody.” – This statement seems to contradict itself, as the speaker is clearly identifying themselves while also claiming to be nobody.
“The enemy of my enemy is my friend.” – This statement appears to be contradictory, as it suggests that someone who is normally considered an enemy can become a friend under certain circumstances.
“Less is more.” – This statement is paradoxical, as it suggests that reducing or simplifying something can actually make it more effective or impactful.
“This statement is false.” – This statement creates a paradox, as if it is true, then it is false, but if it is false, then it is true.
“The sound of silence.” – This phrase is paradoxical, as silence is typically associated with the absence of sound, yet this statement implies that silence can have a sound of its own.